Dr.A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM
The Real Hero of India
Born: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
ஆவுல் பக்கிர் ஜைனுலாபுதீன் அப்துல் கலாம்
15 October 1931
(now inRamanathapuram District,
Died: 27 July 2015(aged83)
Cause of death: Cardiacarrest (Stroke)
Alma mater: St. Joseph’s College,
Institute of Technology
Religion : Islam
Awards : Bharat Ratna-1997
Website : Abdulkalam.com
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen“A.P.J.”Abdul Kalam ( 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was the 11th President of Indiafrom 2002 to 2007. A career scientist turned politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram,Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space program and military missile development efforts.He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.He also played a pivotal organizational,technical, and political role in India’sPokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since theoriginal nuclear test by India in 1974.
Awards and honours Kalam received
7honorary doctoratesfrom 40 universities.
The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushanin 1981 and the Padma Vibhushanin 1990 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Government.
In 1997, Kalam received India’s highest civilian honour, theBharat Ratna, for his contribution to the scientific research and modernisation of defence technology in India.
In 2013, he was the recipient of the Von Braun Award from the National Space Society
“to recognize excellence in the management and leadership of a space-related project”.
Following his death, Kalam received numerous tributes.
The Tamil Nadu state government announced that his birthday, 15 October, would be observed across the state as
“Youth Renaissance Day;”
the state government further instituted the “Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Award,” constituting an 8-gram gold medal, a certificate and₹500,000(US$7,400).
The award will be awarded annually on Independence Day, beginning in 2015, to residents of the state with achievements in promoting scientific growth, the humanities or the welfare of students.
On occasion of his birth day (2015),CBSEhas given the topics on his name in the CBSE expression series.
The Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi released the commemorative postal stamps on the former President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, on his 84th birth anniversarycelebrations, at DRDO Bhawan, in New Delhi on October 15, 2015.